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reklama 1
2006-08-12 12:11:45


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reklama 2
2006-08-17 07:26:38

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 Sofia - the capital of the Republic of Bulgaria
Capital of Bulgaria 

Sofia - the capital of the Republic of Bulgaria, has gathered the wisdom of the centuries in its name and its spirit is represented in the city's coat-of-arms statement "Ever Growing, Never Ageing". Sofia is a modern city with a population exceeding 1 million. Situated in the western section of Bulgaria and in the center of the Balkan Peninsula, Sofia is a natural crossroads between East, West, North and South.

Sofia's elevation is 550 m above sea level and the city is located just to the north of beautiful Mountain Vitosha. The favorable climate, abundant mineral springs and central location attracted visitors to this area as early as 7,000 years ago. The different peoples and civilizations which have passed here in their time have all left their mark and cultural imprints on the present-day capital.

More than 250 historic, archaeological and architectural monuments have been incorporated into the collage that is today's modern city. It was the ancient Thracian population which shaped the city's historic nucleus and that nucleus has remained so ever since. The four main city arteries of ancient times have also been preserved in today's central boulevards.

Walking along Sofia's streets you will pass by the fortress walls and streets of Roman Serdica of which Emperor Constantine the Great said: "Serdica-that is my Rome!" Intrigued you will stop at the Alexander Nevsky Square where monuments from different periods blend in perfect unison. You will witness the early Christian St. Sofia basilica which gave the city its name, the splendid Alexander Nevsky co-memorial Cathedral, the Monument to the Unknown Soldier and the stylish building of the International Foundation. Other noteworthy landmarks in the city center include the completely preserved St.George rotunda and the small St.Petka of Saddlers church. Nearby in the foothills of Mt. Vitosha lays Boyana church - a genuine masterpiece of mediaeval Bulgarian architecture that has been included in the List of World Heritage sites.

Blending the past and the present Sofia conveys its own unique atmosphere and lifestyle which can be seen reflected in the cities inhabitants. Here - in the heart of the country - everyone can feel the pulsing beat and rich spirit of the Bulgarians. The famous Bulgarian hospitality and warmth is invariably present all around you - those things that truly make you feel at home.

 The History of the City of Sofia 

Sofia has a history that goes back thousands of years. Through the centuries, many peoples have inhabited it and added to its rich and diverse history. Numerous Neolithic villages have been discovered in the area, while a chalocolithic settlement has been recently discovered in the very center of modern Sofia.

 

 

Capital of Bulgaria
The St. Sofia Church,
a three-nave basilica
built in the late 5th
century AD

The Thracian Serdi tribe settled here in the 7th century BC and gave the first recorded name of Sofia -- Serdica. The Byzantines called it Triaditsa and the Slavs - Sredets. The modern city of Sofia was named in the 14th century after the basilica St. Sofia. In Greek, word sofia means wisdom. In the 3rd century AD, the Romans built strong walls around Serdica, their capital of Inner Dacia and an important stopping point on the Roman road from Naisus (present Nish, Yugoslavia) to Constantinople.

Today there are many archaeological sites in Sofia, that display the city's diverse history - the castle gates and towers of Serdica, public buildings and streets thousands of years old. A large part of the ancient city of Serdica is underneath important modern buildings. The ancient city council (bulefteris) is hidden under the "Sheraton" hotel, while a number of basilicas are below the National Historical Museum. The Roman thermal baths are under the Sofia Mineral Baths and a Roman residence with elaborate mosaics is below the "Rila" hotel.
After the Hun invasion of 441, the town was rebuilt by the Byzantines. The Slavs gave Sredets a key role in the First Bulgarian Empire, then in 1018 the Byzantines retook Triaditsa. At the end of the 12th century, the Bulgarians returned and Sredets became a major trading center of the Second Bulgarian Empire. The Turks captured Sofia in 1382 and made it the center of the Rumelian beylerbeyship. The city declined during the feudal unrest of the 19th century, but with the establishment of the Third Bulgarian Empire in 1879, Sofia once again became the capital of Bulgaria.

Capital of Bulgaria
The ancient St. George rotunda behind the
Sheraton Hotel

Capital of Bulgaria
The National Art Gallery

Rapidly the city's image changed from an Oriental, to a European. Today many streets, buildings, parks, and even whole neighborhoods preserve the architectural style from the turn of the century. Between 1879 and 1939, the population of Sofia grew from 20 000 to 300 000, while today 1 250 000 people live in Sofia.

Since ancient times the city was famous for the abudance of cold and thermal mineral water springs in and around it. The water is still available today and is praised for its numerous qualities. Springs may be found in the city center, as well as in the neighbourhoods: Kniazevo, Gorna Bania, Bankia, Ovcha Kupel and Ivaniane.

2006-08-18 16:23:04
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reklama3
2006-08-17 07:27:10


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2006-08-18 07:49:19